Tuesday, January 3, 2017

Kitab Al-Salat: The Prayer of The Prophet (Peace be upon him) in The Light of Sahih Ahadith - Part 3

Salah (Prayer)

Conditions of Salah being valid

Following are the conditions on which the validity of prayer depends:

1) Tahaarah (Purity)

This includes:
(a) - Purity from major ritual impurity by means of ghusl
[al-Maa’idah 5:6]
and from minor ritual impurity (hadath) by means of wudu',
Sahih al-Bukhari (6954)

(b) - As well as purity from tangible impurity (najaasah).
If a person prays with some impurity on him, and he is aware of that and remembers it is there, then his prayer is not valid.

There should not be any impurity (najaasah) on one's body, clothes and place in which prayer is offered.
Sahih Muslim (292)Sahih al-Bukhari (307)Sahih al-Bukhari (6025)

2) Covering ‘awrah with clothes

If a person prays with his ‘awrah uncovered, his prayer is not valid, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes) while praying"
[al-A’raaf 7:31] 

3) Praying in time

This is the most important condition. A prayer offered before its time has begun is not valid because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Verily, As‑Salaah (the prayer) is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours"
[al-Nisa’ 4:103]

4) Facing towards the qiblah

If a person offers an obligatory prayer facing anywhere other than the qiblah, when he is able to face it, then his prayer is invalid according to scholarly consensus, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"So turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction"
[al-Baqarah 2:144]

Ruling on not facing the Ka'bah in prayer by mistake:
  • If a person prays not facing the qiblah, because of clouds or some other reason, after he did his best to work out the right direction, his prayer is valid and he does not have to repeat it.
  • If someone whom he trusts comes – whilst he is praying – and tells him of the right direction, then he must hasten to turn that way, and his prayer is valid.
The obligation of facing the direction of prayer does not apply to one who prays the fear prayer (salaat al-khawf) or one who is unable to do it, such as a sick person, or one who is traveling on a ship, in a car or on a plane, if they fear that the time of the prayer will elapse (before they reach a place where they can find the correct direction).

5) Intention (Niyyah)

Narrated from 'Umar bin Al-Khattab:
I heard Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saying, "Actions are but by intentions and each person will have but that which he intended."

The worshipper must have the intention of praying the prayer for which he is standing. He must have the intention in his heart of performing a specific prayer, such as the fard (obligatory prayer) of Zuhr or of ‘Asr, or the Sunnah of those prayers. This is a condition or pillar (essential part) of the prayer, but uttering the intention verbally is a bid'ah which goes against the Sunnah. This applies to all acts of worship.

For more detail read: